Steps to Set Up A Professional Barbing Salon Business In Nigeria
Entrepreneurship has become a major topic in Nigeria following the fall in the crude oil prices and the economic recession that followed it, most Nigerian now seek alternatives to white-collar jobs in which only a few vacancies exist.
And those that exist are usually occupied by those connected in one way or the other, many efforts the government is making to create more jobs for the over 20 million unemployed youths in the country are not yielding much success, for this reason, everyone now looks outside the collar jobs.
We shall be treating how to open a barbing salon in Nigeria followed by tips on how to become a barber.
Barbing salon has become one of the entrepreneur jobs most graduates and non-graduates find themselves doing in the country as a result of the high rate of unemployment.
Also because its operational cost and cost of starting is cheaper than other small investments and it also offers a good financial return when opened at a good location.
To open and operate a successful barbing salon any place in Nigeria these are the things you are required to do:
In the year 2012, I bought a CHAOBA clipper at the cost of N4000 for my personal use at least to secure myself from being infected with the epidemic bumps and other infections reigning at that time as a result of the use of public clippers.
I never thought of using to learn haircutting one day, it was when I relocated to a typical village due to the nature of my job that I realized that most people in that village barb only two styles of hair which are low cut and skin cut popularly called “bolo lo”
The barber I met there confirmed to me that he cannot cut my style of hair which is three step-cut styles, so I was forced to stay months without hair cut until my hair grew so big that I feel the discomfort regularly.
One day I woke in the middle of the night, took a mirror and combed and dressed my hair, I brought my new clipper without knowing how to you it, I tried using it to shave my beard which I did successfully, immediately I used the same technics to start cutting my hair gradually from the backside to the front side.
Though it was tough in the beginning within one hour I had a nice low cut for my hair and I took a closer look in the mirror to discover that it was looking nice. When I went out in the morning no one believed me that I did the barbing myself.
So to learn the skill of barbing is to buy the clipper now before every other plan and start by barbing yourself, you can make the learning faster by applying two mirrors while barbing yourself by keeping one at the front and the other at the back.
To be frank with you, you may make some mistakes for the first to fifth time the practice but each mistake will enable you to improve next time.
The biggest mistake you can do in this business is to think that once you open the salon you can then start the learning process that will make you end up losing your potential customers irrespective of every other means you may be used to keep them.
The easier way to start learning the hair is to have a calendar of different haircut styles in your room start with the simplest style and gradually improve to a tougher style.
Having a nice face cap is necessary because some styles you may barb may not be what you like people to see you with so for that period of time you may be putting on your cap until the hair regrows again, “I have just given you one of my tips”.
The next strategy is to offer to barb your relatives and neighbors for free which most of them would agree but please ensure that before employing this strategy you have made a nice haircut for yourself which shall serve as the evidence of your credibility if that is done and you are successful in giving them nice cut.
Try suggesting a new hairstyle for them after two weeks if they affirm your request try and give them another style that also looks nice.
GET THE NEEDED FINANCE
The starting point of the financial calculation is the cost of renting a shop for the barbing salon, the next is to calculate for the shop decoration such painting and fixing of mirrors, calendars, etc. also calculate the cost of the things needed in the shop such as; tables, chairs, television and radio set, etc.
LOOK FOR BUSY AREAS
Looking for the best site for a barbing salon setup, choose busy areas. Places such as road junctions, marketplaces, motor parks, and entertainment centers, these places from my experience have a higher record of success than any other place when considering the number of customers per day and high return of income.
When planning this business remember that it is not a white-collar job so let every pride and gentleman lifestyle be kept at home only, because you will need to interact and behave somehow like those within the area your shop is located contrary to that they will start seeing you as the type that claims to be a graduate but ended up as a barber and may not like to patronize you.
Also note that the prices for shop rent may vary according to the location, size of the shop, and the quality of the shop. Some rent can range as low as N3000 every month, while some could cost N10, 000 every month.
LOOK FOR RESIDENTIAL AREAS
In the case where the above-mentioned places are not available, the next option is to look for places that have a good number of a residential building, a highly populated place where people resides and setup the barbing salon there, remember that such place may even be a typical village or developed area your focus should be the customers.
Not the place, because this is what has made some barbing salons to be closed, by looking at developed places that have few residential customers rather mainly occupied by offices, industrial site, companies, etc. such places would give you only a few customers.
YOUR NEED GENERATOR
You will need to acquire a generator to serve as an alternative power supply in the event of any public power failure, you can get a small four-stroke engine generator at about N40, 000 to N30, 000.
While a small two-stroke generator popularly called” I better pass my neighbor” is sold between N25, 000 to N15, 000 depending on the quality and brand of the generator. So having a reliable one is mandatory for the barbing salon since the public power supply is not steady.
The next thing to consider is buying liquid accessories for the sterilizing of the clipper blades to prevent infections to your customers and some other liquids that may serve as the lubricant to the clipper blades to increase their sharpness, these accessories are usually cheap between N500 –N1000 for each.
YOU NEED QUALITY CLIPPERS
Buying the clipper is something one should have done six months earlier before setting up the salon this is to help you learn the barbing skill as explained in the first item, there are several brands of the clipper in the market which are CHAOBA, WTHL, TOSHIBA, SHARP, and BINATONE, ETC. these clippers are all good in quality depending on their application because require using them for a few hours and restarted again.
While some do not require voltage fluctuation which means you will need a stabilizer in the shop for such a clipper, some may have all the listed problems solved in their design but have a blade problem or other problems.
So, making inquiries from barbers and the clipper dealers will assist you in selecting the right choice.
I had personally used CHAOBA and BINATONE from 2012-2010 and 2010-till date respectively but I wouldn’t say they are the best clippers in the market yet until I try other brands.
YOU NEED A TABLE AND CHAIRS
The next thing that is mandatory is a table and chairs in the shop, a good table in a barbing should be able to create enough space where the clippers will be kept alongside other accessories.
It should also make room for multiple barbing spaces such that extra chairs can be mounted and used by another barber in the event of excess customers.
So, for that reason, most such table has a length covering the full width of the wall such that their edges will be touching the ends of the wall at the two sides.
The height of the table does not go beyond the stomach level, while the popular chairs used in some standard barbing salons are the rotating types of chairs mostly used in some offices, the reason for using such chairs is for easy rotation of the customer’s position for good access to the hair during the haircut.
THEN WALL MIRRORS
The next thing to consider is the wall mirrors, you need to take the measurement of the full length of your table and use it to visit glass dealers in the market which also sell wall mirrors and the size will be cut according to the measurement you took.
A wall mirror of thickness 1mm measuring 2 feet by 4 feet could cost about N2000 and many barbing salons has two of this size of the wall mirror. The mirrors will be fixed directly on the wall using strong screws.
However, if you have an additional contribution to this post it will be welcomed through the comment box. We shall be discussing how to position the clipper and its adjustment during barbing in our next post.